All the powers of Europe sent delegates to decide the issue of the day: The members of the Congress were all afraid of a strong France, so they created strong border states. The Netherlands and the Italian Kingdom of Piedmont were created to this end. Prussia got the left bank of the Rhine, while Austria took territory in northern Italy, including Tuscany and Milan.
Initially, the representatives of the four victorious powers hoped to exclude the French from serious participation in the negotiations, but Talleyrand skillfully managed to insert himself into "her inner councils" in the first weeks of negotiations. He allied himself to a Committee of Eight lesser powers including Spain, Sweden, and Portugal to control the negotiations.
Once Talleyrand was able to use this committee to make himself a part of the inner negotiations, he then left it,  once again abandoning his allies.
The major Allies' indecision on how to conduct their affairs without provoking a united protest from the lesser powers led to the calling of a preliminary conference on protocol, to which Talleyrand and the Marquis of LabradorSpain's representative, were invited on 30 September Talleyrand protested against the procedure we have adopted and soundly [be]rated us for two hours.
It was a scene I shall never forget. Talleyrand's policy, directed as much by national as personal ambitions, demanded the close but by no means amicable relationship he had with Labrador, whom Talleyrand regarded with disdain.
Russia wanted most of Poland, and Prussia wanted all of Saxony, whose king had allied with Napoleon. The tsar would become king of Poland. The result was deadlock, for which Talleyrand proposed a solution: Admit France to the inner circle, and France would support Austria and Britain.
The three nations signed a secret treaty on 3 Januaryagreeing to go to war against Russia and Prussia, if necessary, to prevent the Russo-Prussian plan from coming to fruition.
Russia received most of the Napoleonic Duchy of Warsaw as a "Kingdom of Poland" — called Congress Polandwith the tsar as king ruling it independently of Russia. Furthermore, the tsar was unable to unite the new domain with the parts of Poland that had been incorporated into Russia in the s.
The Final Act, embodying all the separate treaties, was signed on 9 June a few days before the Battle of Waterloo. Russia was given most of the Duchy of Warsaw Poland and was allowed to keep Finland which it had annexed from Sweden in and held until A German Confederation of 39 states was created from the previous of the Holy Roman Empire, under the presidency of the Austrian Emperor.
Only portions of the territory of Austria and Prussia were included in the Confederation. The Netherlands and the Southern Netherlands approx.
France received back Guadeloupe from Sweden in return for yearly installments to the Swedish king. The neutrality of Switzerland was guaranteed. The Papal States were under the rule of the pope and restored to their former extent, with the exception of Avignon and the Comtat Venaissinwhich remained part of France.
Other colonies, most notably the Dutch East Indies and Martiniquewere restored to their previous owners. The King of Sardinia was restored in PiedmontNice, and Savoyand was given control of Genoa putting an end to the brief proclamation of a restored Republic.
The slave trade was condemned. Freedom of navigation was guaranteed for many rivers, notably the Rhine and the Danube.
Spain did not sign the treaty but ratified it in This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
October Alexander I of Russia considered himself a guarantor of European security.Napoleon had a profound influence on Europe.
After France's defeat, European leaders convened at the Congress of Vienna and redrew the map of Europe.
The Congress of Vienna (German: Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November to June , though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September How did the Congress of Vienna () set the parameters for future relations between European states?
It established a new framework for international relations based on periodic meetings, or congresses, between the major powers. The victors met at the Congress of Vienna, hoping to restore the old order as it had existed before the Revolution.
However, despite his intentions, Napoleon had effectively planted the seeds of Nationalism and Liberalism across Europe, and these ideas would spread in new waves of revolution by mid-century. • Time: The Congress of Vienna being a starting point for the shaping of Europe and for some aspects of world-wide relations in the 19th century, its final document reflects in an outstanding way a period of important change in.
The Concert of Europe, also known as the Congress System or the Vienna System after the Congress of Vienna, was a system of dispute resolution adopted by the major powers of Europe to avoid future conflicts escalating into war, and to solidify and maintain their power in their respective controlled regions.