Proper footnote format

Most often, editors of books, journals and other media will ask that parenthetical information be included in footnotes as a way to control the prose of the document.

Proper footnote format

The notes are in numerical or alphabetical order, but can be of various types as well. Some of you may want to use roman numbers while others will prefer letters, notably. This being said, keep in mind that it is better not to include more than one reference per footnote or endnote and that each note is unique, the next one necessarily being an increased number or letter.

The reference in regard to this first footnote must be fully written, with the exact source: Institut de recherches de l'Europe centrale,p. Keep in mind that the name of the author is fully included first name, then the family name and that the title is written in italics; some university departments will underline the title instead of putting it in italics.

After the title, we must indicate the city where the book was published, the name of the editor, the year it was published and, finally, the page number s. When the reference is about a page in particular, you shall include "p.

If it is an article, the format is different.

How to Write Footnotes and Endnotes in MLA Style - A Research Guide

As you can see, the title of the article must appear between quote marks, followed by the name of the journal or review in italics. We also must indicate the prefix "in" before the name of the latter. Now, when the reference is repetitive, we can use some predefined terms in order to avoid repeating the full reference over and over again: Some will prefer using the term "Ibid.

Proper footnote format

In this case, the reference is identical to the previous one footnote 3: For this fifth reference, I use op. I also must state the page number to which it refers.

If many different Bogdan books were previously included as a footnote or endnote, I would have to indicate the name of the book to avoid any confusion: Bogdan, Histoire des pays de l'Est, p.

MLA Format

Same explanation as for footnote 5, but I used loc.I'm reading IP address numbers from database in a int format but I want to show them in IP format like Is it possible using the .


Proper footnote format

Make sure that the footnote is necessary. Prior to using footnotes to further reference sources, ask your teacher how you should be citing sources and if footnotes are required.

Most often MLA footnote format asks writers to make use of in-text citations, instead of a footnotes. Chicago/Turabian Subsequent Notes.

Once you have spelled out a source's information in full in its first note, all subsequent notes take a shorter form.

How to Cite

Understand why proofreading for format is critical. As a proofreader, you must ensure that all formatting is consistent throughout the document. Bibliographies require a different format, and I will inform you if I also want a bibliography. In the case of either footnotes or endnotes, the only indication that goes in the text itself is the footnote number, the small supra-number after the text you wish to reference.

Footnote-Endnote Citation Form