To end the procedure: The portion of the argument structure beyond the initial eight doublewords is passed in memory on the stack, pointed to by the stack pointer at the time of call.
Back when everything but the processor core was off chip. Remember you had 74LSxx glue logic, lots of wires and lots of chips to connect a memory to the processor.
And memory was just that memory, big expensive chips. Memory address space was a sacred resource, esp when you wanted to limit your address decoding to a few bits because every few bits cost you a number of chips and wires.
And some of the responses you are going to see to your question are going to reflect the strong opinions that are still around today in the folks that lived it. The reality is that every chip on the market today has multiple busess for various things, you dont hang your real time clock off of the ddr memory bus with an address decoder.
Some still even have completely separate instruction and data busses. You need folks my age that lived it to be retired or gone before the war is truly over. That is really all it ever was, a single address decode bit on the outside of the intel chip that was controlled by the use of specific instructions.
Use one set of instructions the bit was on use one set of instructions the bit was off. Where it was used is as I described above, you would put things that made sense and you could afford to burn memory address space for like video pixels, network packet memory maybesound card memory well not that either but you could haveetc.
Because address space was scarce it was not uncommon and is still seen today to have memory hidden behind two registers an address register and a data register, this memory is only available through these two registers, it is not memory mapped. So you could write the starting address in the address register and do a rep outsw and without burning fetch and decode clock cycles in the processor and on the memory bus you could move data pretty fast into or out of the peripheral.
This kind of thing is now considered a design flaw thanks to the modern super scalar processors with fetches based on branch prediction, your hardware can experience reads at any time that have nothing to do with executing code, as a result you should NEVER auto increment an address or clear bits in a status register or modify anything as a result of a read to an address.
Depending on what you do for a living, what your company produces, etc. Now the others side if this is DOS is definitely not dead, depending on where you you may be building voting machines or gas pumps or cash registers or a long list of DOS based equipment.
I still run into situations where I have to take code from a current dos test program to write a linux driver.
Just like not everyone that can throw or catch a football plays in the NFL, percentage wise very few do software work that involves this kind of stuff. So it is still safe to say these instructions you found are likely not going to be more to you than a history lesson.Some systems may allow such instructions to be virtualized; if user code tries to write to I/O ports 0x3D4 and 0x3D5, for example, an operating system might interpret that as an attempt to set some video-control control registers to move the blinking cursor.
Designing Effective Step-By-Step Assembly Instructions Maneesh Agrawala∗ Microsoft Research Doantam Phan Stanford University Julie Heiser Stanford University. Is there a way to insert assembly code into C? Ask Question. It's a good idea to write some sample code in C, then ask GCC to produce an assembly listing, then modify that code.
share | improve this answer. "Inline assembly is not supported on the ARM and x64 processors.". Assembly Programming Tutorial PDF Version Quick Guide Resources Job Search Discussion Assembly language is a low-level programming language for a computer or other programmable device specific to a particular computer architecture in contrast to most high-level programming languages, which are generally portable across multiple .
Nov 12, · How to Write Clear Instructions. In this Article: Article Summary Understanding the Task Writing Your Instructions Testing Your Instructions Community Q&A If you're a teacher or technical writer, you probably have to write instructions every day.
But for 78%(). The assembly language file that is produced contains exactly the same set of instructions that would have been produced in the.o object file, and inputting the.s file to the assembler produces an object file with the same instructions that the compiler would have produced.